Adhesions remain to be one of the post-surgery concerns of women who may have underwent a gynecological operation. Adhesions usually occur during pelvic or abdominal surgery and one of the risks of this post-surgery issue is infertility and possibly pain near the surgical site. If untreated adhesions in the abdomen may cause tissue death and infection or peritonitis. Peritonitis is a life threatening condition that requires urgent medical care which involves surgery.
Infertility meantime becomes a challenge because adhesions may cause tubes to adhere to each other and prevent the fertilized egg from travelling to the uterus.
The United States National Library of Medicine has explained what adhesions are, and why these take place. “Adhesions are bands of scar-like tissue. Normally, internal tissues and organs have slippery surfaces so they can shift easily as the body moves. Adhesions cause tissues and organs to stick together. They might connect the loops of the intestines to each other, to nearby organs, or to the wall of the abdomen. They can pull sections of the intestines out of place. This may block food from passing through the intestine.” The rest of the explanation can be found here.
As for the symptoms of adhesion, it may include any of the following: (1) inability to pass gas; (2) extreme abdominal pain; (3) abdominal cramping; (4) constipation; (5) vomiting; and (6) bloating. While there are no medical examinations or tests that can detect adhesion, surgery may be recommended if the symptoms have been recurring and have become severe.
This however does not mean that there are no cases that can be easily resolved. Some cases of adhesion can resolve by itself. For instance, until symptoms are present, patients can just have a low-fiber intake if the adhesion just causes partial blockage. However if the intestines are blocked completely, surgery is definitely required.